Volume 11, Issue 4 (Paramedical Sciences and Military Health-Winter 2016)                   Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2016, 11(4): 23-29 | Back to browse issues page

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Tabeshian A. Evaluation of Health Education on Awareness, Attitude and Operation of Najafabad Health Care staffs on the Prevention of Hepatitis B. Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2016; 11 (4) :23-29
URL: http://jps.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-85-en.html
Department of Health, Faculty of Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad Branch, Najafabad, Iran , amir.tabeshian@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (6277 Views)

Introduction: Hepatitis B is an acute general infective disease which often damages the liver and caused by hepatitis B virus. The rate of chronic carriers was more than 200 million in 1990. Currently, about two billion individuals have previously come across with this virus and about 35 million individuals are chronic carriers in all over the world. The prevalence is closed to universal statistics in our country. Iran has an average prevalence among the other countries. In another word, its prevalence is 5-1.5%. Since one of the transference routes of this disease is touching infected secretions, health care centers staffs are considered as a vulnerable group. Due to the staffs role in training people of the society, primary prevention is necessary for them more than the others.
Methods and Materials: The present study is a semi-experimental research consisting of four variables including education, awareness, attitude and operation. The participants were60 staffs of Najafabad Health Care Centers. Data were obtained by a questionnaire and a checklist filled before and after conducting the educational program to investigate research variables as well as evaluating educational programs.
Results: Findings indicated that the level of awareness was 44% before the education which subsequently raised to 50% after education. Positive attitude increased from 49% to 55%; moreover, favorable operation increased from 57% to 78%. Generally there is a significant difference among the means of awareness, attitude and favorable operation before and after the education.
Discussion and Conclusion: The results showed that the education program can enhance awareness, attitude, and operation levels of the participants. Health care centers staffs and health care practitioners are the leading line of health education in both rural and urban areas of society. In addition, training their clients and people are one of their crucial roles. Thus, it is suggested to hold educational courses for them in the form of organized continuous courses.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: full articles
Received: 2017/01/26 | Accepted: 2017/03/10 | Published: 2017/03/15

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