Volume 15, Issue 4 (Paramedical Sciences and Military Health (winter 2021) 2020)                   Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2020, 15(4): 50-63 | Back to browse issues page

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Esmaeilizadeh A, Eftekhari, Akbari R. Hospital Waste Management. Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2020; 15 (4) :50-63
URL: http://jps.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-239-en.html
1- Urmia University of Medical Sciences
2- Urmia University of Medical Sciences , akbari.r@umsu.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2288 Views)
Introduction: Currently, the production of hospital waste is increased by growing the population and expansion of the cities. Moreover, it has been changed to a great challenge. If this growing is not controlled it will be turned into an environmental disaster. Various waste disposal methods are proposed for disposing of hospital waste. This study aimed to acquaint with the hospital wastes and theire disposal methods.
Methods and Materials: In this review study, the essential information is collected from the last three years published articles by searching them in various databases such as Pubmed, Scopus, SID, and some library references. The exclusive and combinations keywords such as waste, infectious, waste management, waste disposal methods, infectious waste, and infectious medical waste are used to search relevant articles.
Results: Hospital waste is categorized into various groups. Various methods such as dry heat, wet temperature, chemical disinfectant, burying waste into the ground and Super Critical Fluid Carbon Dioxide are used to dispose the hospital waste. Some advantages and disadvantages are described for each of these methods. Out of all, the Super Critical Fluid Carbon Dioxide has a potent activity on microorganisms. In addition, it has a low cost interms
of extraction.
Discussion and Conclusion: Diverse methods are proposed to dispose hospital waste. Selection of an effective way depends on the type and amount of the waste and social and economical condition of the country. This posing hospital waste could be managed with regular planning, proper management, use of appropriate method fit to waste type, and enough training of people and hospital officials. Further researches need to find an appropriate waste disposal method that is compatible with environmental, economical, and social cindittions of the country
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Type of Study: review | Subject: full articles
Received: 2021/01/24 | Accepted: 2021/05/16 | Published: 2021/03/20

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