Volume 13, Issue 3 (Paramedical Sciences and Military Health (Aurumn 2018) 2018)                   Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2018, 13(3): 58-72 | Back to browse issues page

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Heydari M B, Asgari M, Jafari N, Mohtavipour M, Zolfaghari M. Various Numerical and Analytical Methods for Studying the Electromagnetic Fields Effects on the Human Body: A Classical Review Article. Paramedical Sciences and Military Health. 2018; 13 (3) :58-72
URL: http://jps.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-154-en.html
1- Electrical Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran , mo_heydari@elec.iust.ac.ir
2- Electrical Engineering Group, Imam Khomeini International University (IKIU), Qazvin, Iran
3- School of advanced medical sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
4- Electrical Engineering Department, Iran University of Science and Technology (IUST), Tehran, Iran
5- Electrical Engineering Department, Tarbiat Modares University (TMU), Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2628 Views)
Abstract
     Introduction: In recent years, many research articles have been studied the electromagnetic fields (EMFs) effects on the human body, due to the increment of electromagnetic-based devices. In most studies, there is not an accurate analytical method for solving Maxwell’s equations and then various numerical techniques have been utilized to solve Maxwell’s equations. In this review, we first introduce Maxwell’s equations briefly and then various numerical and analytical methods used in the literature and commercial softwares have been considered in detail. Then, EMFs effects on the human body in terms of tissue distance from electromagnetic (EM) source will be investigated. Finally, we conclude the article.
    Methods and Materials: In this article, various numerical and analytical methods for studying EMFs effects on the human body have been studied and investigated based on the credible scientific references.
    Results: The EMFs effects on the human body is classified in terms of tissue distance from EM source into two main categories: Far field and near field. In near field region, four categories are studied in this paper.
    Discussion and Conclusion: In this review, Maxwell’s equations are introduced briefly and various numerical and analytical methods for solving these equations have been investigated. Then, human body models used in EMF numerical simulations have been considered, which Debye and Cole-Cole formulations are the most popular models in the literature. In these models, the electric properties of the tissue are expressed in terms of tissue conductivity and permittivity. In the following, the EMFs effects on the human body will be studied based on the tissue distance from EM source.
 
  Keywords: Electromagnetic fields, Human body, Numerical technique, Analytical method, Specific absorption rate
Full-Text [PDF 4294 kb]   (215 Downloads)    
Type of Study: review | Subject: full articles
Received: 2018/09/26 | Accepted: 2018/12/30

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