Volume 12, Issue 2 (Paramedical Sciences and Military Health (Summer 2017) 2017)                   Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2017, 12(2): 55-62 | Back to browse issues page

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Salkhordeh H, Sabet B, mahboobi M, Babajani S. The Effect of Music Therapy on Preoperational Anxiety and Pain in Waiting Room. Paramedical Sciences and Military Health. 2017; 12 (2) :55-62
URL: http://jps.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-83-en.html
1- Department of Surgical Technology, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Surgical Technology, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Mahtabmahboobi87@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1046 Views)
Introduction: Millions of patients have been undergoing surgery around the world annually. Surgery is always a great experience for both the patient and his family and anxiety is a natural reaction to it. Preoperational anxiety stimulates the sympathetic, parasympathetic, and endocrine systems causing an increase in the heart rate, blood pressure, and heart excitability and arrhythmia. It causes more dosage of anti-anxiety and analgesic which can reduce blood circulation and breathing. The current study aimed to review the effect of music therapy on preoperational anxiety and pain in the waiting room.
Methods and Materials: This review article was written by searching medical data bases using keywords: music therapy, anxiety, pain, and surgery. Totally, two books and 38 articles were selected and used in the current study.
Results: Listening to music reduced preoperational anxiety and pain in many surgeries including: cesarean section, colposcopy and lithotripsy. Music increased patients satisfaction underwent lithotripsy. In contrast, there were no significant differences in patients satisfaction underwent diagnostic operation or breast cancer treatment.
Discussion and Conclusion: The review of studies indicates that music therapy is an effective intervention and cost benefit method that contributes to manage anxiety and pain. Listening to music is a simple, inexpensive, safe, effective, efficient, and enjoyable strategy that may be a good alternative to anti-anxiety and sedative drugs to reduce preoperational anxiety.
Full-Text [PDF 437 kb]   (317 Downloads)    
Type of Study: review | Subject: full articles
Received: 2017/01/24 | Accepted: 2017/09/1 | Published: 2017/09/21

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