Volume 11, Issue 3 (Paramedical Sciences and Military Health (Autumn 2016) 2016)                   Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2016, 11(3): 1-5 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Bijari S, Banaei A, Kanani M. Assessment of Entrance Skin Doses and Effective Dose for Common X-ray Diagnostic Examinations. Paramedical Sciences and Military Health. 2016; 11 (3) :1-5
URL: http://jps.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-86-en.html
Abstract:   (1748 Views)

Introduction: Nowadays, we are witnessing a progressive application of radiology techniques in various communities as well as in Iran. Medical radiological examinations are one of the important sources of public radiological dose. Entrance skin doses and effective doses for patients in diagnostic radiology examinations should be assessed for the imaging techniques optimization and patient’s radiation protection. Thus, the related radiation-protection organizations have recommended measuring the patient doses resulted from such techniques. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the patient doses in common radiographic examinations.

Methods and Materials: The eight most commonly radiology examinations were selected for dosimetry calculations after reviewing and analyzing radiology examination data at an imaging center over a 3-month period. 283 patients underwent eight radiography procedures containing Chest (PA), Pelvice (AP), Abdomen (AP), Skull (AP), Thoracic Spine (AP), Thoracic Spine (LAT), Lumbar Spine (AP) and, Lumbar Spine (LAT) were selected for dose measurements. Data of exposure parameters (kVp, mAs, FFD and projection) were collected in all 283 patients. ESD (Entrance Skin Dose) and effective dose values were calculated using the analytical formula and a software indirectly (PCXMC). In addition, they compared with published works and internationally established diagnostic reference levels.

Results: The average entrance skin dose (in mGy) and effective dose (in mSv) for the Chest (PA), Pelvice (AP), Abdomen (AP), Skull (AP), Thoracic Spine (AP), Thoracic Spine (LAT), Lumbar Spine (AP) and, Lumbar Spine (LAT) were (0.15-0.028), (5.4-0.87), (2.7-0.61), (2.2-0.05), (4.6-0.28), (5.1-0.20), (5.8-0.47), (6.2-0.30), respectively.

Discussion and Conclusion: As expected, the patient doses in radiology exams varied consumedly because it depends on many factors including the type of medical imaging systems, examination complexity, experience and skill of the operator, and patient’s weight. In radiology, it is possible to reduce patients’ effective dose using small field of views, appropriate potential difference and mAs. There is still a need for personnel training and national guidance on good
practice for optimizing of patients’ doses.

Full-Text [PDF 773 kb]   (719 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: full articles
Received: 2016/10/26 | Accepted: 2016/12/5 | Published: 2016/12/10

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Paramedical Sciences and Military Health