Volume 13, Issue 2 (Paramedical Sciences and Military Health (Summer 2018) 2018)                   Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2018, 13(2): 1-10 | Back to browse issues page

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Hannani S, Forotan R, Aarabi Naeini A, Hosseini A F. The Prevalence of Hand Eczema and Its Related Factors in the Surgical Technologists in the Educational Hospitals of Iran University of Medical Sciences in 2017 and 2018. Paramedical Sciences and Military Health 2018; 13 (2) :1-10
URL: http://jps.ajaums.ac.ir/article-1-131-en.html
1- Department of Surgical Technology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Surgical Technology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Iran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran , Forotan-Roya@yahoo.com
3- Department of Surgical Technology, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Science, Isfahan, Iran
4- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2708 Views)
Introduction: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hand eczema and its related factors in the surgical technologists of the Iran University of Medical Sciences educationa hospitals in 2017 and 2018.
Methods and Materials: This descriptive cross-sectional study has been carried out among the surgical technologists working in the educational hospitals affiliated to Iran University of  Medical Sciences. Census sampling was used as the sampling technique and the sample size was 200 individuals. Data were collected using two questionnaires. Self-administered questionnaire on hand dermatitis that was scored based on two-point Likert Scale (Yes=2, No=1) with Cronbach’s alpha coefficient (0.89) and standard Job Stress Questionnaire designed by UK Institute of Health and Safety that consists of 35 questions scored based on the five-point Likert scale (Never=1, Often=5).This questionnaire had the validity and the Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of 0.78. Data were analyzed by chi-square test using SPSS version 21.
Results: The results indicated that 72% of the examined technologists were female. 33.15% of them were between the ages of 31 to 40. Chi-square statistical analysis revealed that there was not any significant relationship between development of hand eczema of surgical technologists (P=0.064) based on the age (P=0.232), working hours per week (P=0.119), type of scrub solution (P=0.366), and the frequency of using gloves each day (P=0.053). However, the same relationship was significant in terms of frequency of hand disinfection in each shifts (P=0.043),  the average hours of using gloves per day (P=0.047), and occupational stress (P=0.027).
Discussion and Conclusion: Since there are no clear statistics on skin diseases in healthcare professions, there is a concern about the skin health status of the personnel due to their exposure to blood-borne pathogens, which should be taken into account in the hospital indices.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: full articles
Received: 2018/02/25 | Accepted: 2018/04/21 | Published: 2018/09/21

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